Chandigarh is a well- planned modern city of India designed by the French architect Le Corbusier. It was constituted as a Union Territory on 1st November, 1966. It serves as the joint capital of both, Punjab and Haryana states. Being the capital of two states, it has developed a fusion of culture incorporating the best from both states. This fusion is what makes Chandigarh an attractive tourist place. This treasure should be on every visitor's “must see list” in India.
This beautiful city also synonymous for 'City Of Roses' is divided into well-knit sectors. It has well-laid roads lined with rows of trees and beautifully planned buildings. The word ‘Chandigarh’ has a meaning attached to it. While ‘Chandi’ is the name of Mother Goddess of power, the word 'garh' implies a fort.
The city looks charming against the backdrop of the Shivalik Mountains. Chandigarh experiences extreme climate. The best time to visit this place is October to March. During this period, the main attraction is the Festival of Gardens/ The Rose Festival. This is a three-day celebration organized in the last week of February. The festival includes flower shows, performances of music and dance; both classical and folk, events for children, exhibitions by local artists, photographers and craftsmen. Companies put stalls to exhibit their products. Several competitions are also held during this festival.
Another very attractive feature of the city is The Chandigarh Carnival.
This three-day carnival is celebrated in the second week of November every year. The carnival opens with a colorful procession followed by a number of competitions. The carnival gives an opportunity for children as well as elders to exhibit their talents.
Chandigarh is as much cosmopolitan in nature as any other Indian town with numerous temples, mosques, shrines and bhawans located throughout the city. The traditions followed in the city are a mixture of many traditions followed throughout the country. One can see and participate in almost all of the religious activities of every religion in the country- Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam and Christianity.
Within the city, one can find young and educated people. Most people can speak in English, Punjabi or Hindi or even a combination of all the three. Chandigarh differs from many other cities of the region in that it has attracted people from throughout India. Most of the people in Chandigarh are service people. Still people in Chandigarh enjoy every moment of their lives.
Chandigarh has the distinction of having world acclaimed Rock Garden, adorned with artistic figures and things created by Shri Nek Chand. These ranges from broken pieces of items like crockery, bangles, pots, stones to electric switches and boards. Also, Asia's largest Rose Garden is a very popular spot of tourist attraction. Some of the other famous gardens of North India in and around Chandigarh are Cactus Garden, Pinjore Gardens (has great historical significance), Leisure Valley, Terrace Garden etc.
Chandigarh has the latest of everything: be it fashion, technology, education or IT. It has a fairly good infrastructure, a great university, a good engineering college, some fine schools and other educational institutions. But besides all these modern amenities and buildings, it is the people of Chandigarh which makes the city beautiful. They are warm, hospitable and welcome all visitors with open arms.