Pimples or zits, whatever is the terminology, acne is most annoying. Hormones have hands in the outbreak of acne especially in teenage. Both teenage and adult acne may consume a good amount of time in correcting the same with proper medication. In some cases, the severity is as much to leave permanent scars on the skin causing tremendous frustration.
Primarily, in mild cases of acne, self care and maintenance of personal hygiene is required to be followed on a regular basis along with the use of common anti-acne creams and lotions. In mild or severe cases, where acne seems to be persisting for a long time, advice of a medical practitioner should be sought. When a stage of restraint is reached, preventive measure is taken up to maintain an acne-free skin thereafter.
Acne is apparent on the face, neck, chest, back and shoulders because of presence of largest number of oil glands on these areas of skin. Acne has various forms.
Whiteheads and blackheads originate when hair follicles become clogged and blocked with oil secretions, dead skin cells and sometimes bacteria Papules are small raised swellings or infection in the hair follicles. Pustules are red, tender swellings with pus at their tips. Nodules are large, hard, painful lumps lying underneath the skin.
Cysts are painful as well as pus-filled lumps under the skin.
Three major factors are responsible for the creation of acne: Excessive production of sebum, disorderly getting rid of dead skin cells and the invasion of bacteria.
With the body producing excess sebum and dead skin cells, the two can combine in the hair follicle to form a soft plug causing the follicle wall to bulge and turn into a whitehead. In other case, when the plug opens to the skin and darkens, it becomes blackhead. The reasons for this excess production of sebum are attributed to hormones, bacteria, some medicines and genetic constitution.
Acne is not regarded as a serious condition medically. There are several types of treatments available .Tropical treatments include lotions, which removes the oil, and fights bacteria. Antibiotics kill excess of bacteria present on skin and are effective on moderate to severe acne. There are more critical treatment facilities available including Laser Light Therapy, Soft Tissue Fillers, Dermabrasion and skin surgery.
As the acne starts improving or gets totally cleared, it is advisable to continue acne medication or other treatment to prevent revisits of acne. Self-care measures can also prevent recurrence of acne. Some tips may be useful like washing of acne prone areas only twice a day, refrain from heavy foundation makeup and taking showers after exercising or strenuous activity.
Fortunately, acne medications are available in several forms catering to the needs for dry or sensitive skin, gels for oil-prone complexions.