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Overkill in Conservation and in the Pristine Forests.

overkill, conservation, pristine forests, overkill of animals, land degradation, natural resources

Overkill in conservation is the abuse and exploitation of natural resources at a level when nothing is left and the over killed land is not able of regeneration. It is left in a state of semi or complete desertification.

Overkill is leading to land degradation, soil erosion, increasing temperatures, desertification and the wipe out of native tribes. The loss of thousands of fauna and flora species is the heavy price that all tropical forests are paying for the uncontrolled growth of world population which are causing the overkill of natural resources. We also have to take in account the economic interest of growing crops or grassing on a large scale and large corporations harvesting timber, doing legal or illegal mining and oil extraction.

Pristine Forests.

8000 years ago forest were covering half of the planet. Now, 80% of the pristine forest have disappeared. The pristine forests are the reservoir of 90% of the planet’s biodiversity. With mismanagement and greedy destruction of the forest we are not only loosing the lungs of our planet that could transform the carbon dioxide in oxygen, we are also creating the genetic erosion of all plants and living beings on earth.

With the destruction of the forests we will lose the other lung of our planet which is the phytoplankton in the oceans producing oxygen, because of the increasing temperatures causing the imbalance by the evaporation and transpiration of the leaves, thus increasing the temperature of the oceans and killing the phytoplankton.

Overkill of animals.

Overkill is certainly a part of human nature as it is showed in all aspects of our societies; genocides, destruction of natural landscapes, killing on a large scale of the animals, exhaustion of resources.
2000 years ago, the emperors of Mesopotamian or Roman empires used to kill in the arenas thousands of wild animals like lions, panthers and tigers just for enjoyment of bloodshed.
When western invaders sheltered in north America they were killing animals on a large scale like the American hunter Buffalo Bill, who killed alone thousands of bisons.
This also occured in Asia, where maharajas and British colonialist were hunting tigers. This is happening in Siberia now where the new rich Russians are hunting Siberian wolves from helicopters, and in Zimbabwe as well where the protected fauna is hunted by the wealthy westerners and Chinese magnates, with the hidden approval of the government and civil servants whose duty is to protect the endangered species in the forest and savannah.

Amazon Forest.

The pristine and secondary forests over the world and in temperate regions like tropical and far north regions are under a huge threat of overkill at an unimaginable scale. For example there is only 7% left of the Amazon forest based on the borders of Brazil, Ecuador and Venezuela. In Ecuador all the forest was clear cut for the advantages of crops and grassing. In Venezuela the Indians tribe of Guarani are trying to protect the remnants of the forest in which they find all their needs for building their huts, natural medicine for health and food. Sadly they and their forest are threatened by menacing guards with guns who are sent by corporations interested in oil extraction and soya cropping.

The development of technology, the overgrowing world population, (we need now 2 or 3 planets to shelter all inhabitants of the world and to manage our waste), and the growing demand for timber and wood in all its aspects from cardboard to toilet paper, plywood, construction wood and furniture, causes extreme stress for the planet’s forests. Because of the large scale of cutting, burning trees and without effort made to regenerate the forest by replanting trees and using forestry science, all the ecosystems will be destroyed in few years and the native Indian tribes will disappear and finish their lives in some miserable barracks given to them by government technocrats.

In some places where strong and healthy forests existed, the trees will be replaced by grassing, crops cultures, mines or oil fields and cities. Desertification is certainly the most probable end for the thousands of square kilometres of land where there was a tropical jungle. Because the top soil of the forest is not very thick and not very rich, and over cropping for example like soya beans for bio fuel, as well as over grassing for cattle, the land will be exhausted very fast despite the chemical fertilisers.

Costa Rica.

There are countries who try to protect their pristine forest like Costa Rica.
But because the very fast destruction of the Amazon forest, the Costa Rica ecosystem is changing and the forest is losing its fauna and flora. The reason is the microclimate is beginning to be drier and drier, the rains arrive later and are less important since few years. There is not enough humidity for batrachians and one of them, the golden toad is now extinct. As the climate becomes hotter and drier this has a very important impact on the tropical forests that are left nowadays.
Less atmospheric humidity means less rain and the death of trees which are in need of a lot of rain and humidity for their survival and for all the plants that are in symbiosis with the forest and living on several levels from the canopy to the ground level. All the living chain of the biodiversity is stressed and lacks time to adapt to the new aspects of climate change. That is why the golden toad is extinct despite being in a protected pristine forest, because what is destroyed in some part of the world has an impact on another part even as far as several thousand kilometres from there.

Protection and conservation.

Humans belong to the species of super predators. Dinosaurs are gone but we have replaced them on a larger scale and if we are honest enough we shall recognize that our ethics are used in our societies for social behaviour but not in relation to the natural world. In western societies people always have treated the natural world like an object to use and abuse because it exists for our convenience, wellbeing, pleasure and profit.
Before the twentieth century a few nations began to protect their forest wealth for the naval construction purpose like Colbert, the prime minister of the king Louis 14 in France in the middle of the 17th century.
On the planet’s scale there were no laws to protect the natural world itself until the last decades of the 20th century with the Kyoto treaty and the United Nations regulations, but illegal activities are spreading in the last forests that are left and if nothing is done, the last pristine forests will be wiped out of the surface of the earth.
Published: 2008-04-03
Author: Hélène Champaloux

About the author or the publisher
I am an artist, web designer, journalist and philosopher.I was living and traveling in many countries on this tiny planet. I am better in French than in English, but I am pretty good in translation from English to French. I am doing an ecological information website for myself, as I am involved since long in ecology. I belong to the "Ecology and Conservation Studies Society" in London and I am preparing a diploma in Conservation. London is my second base.

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