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Reasons for The Establishment of State of Israel

Israel, Reasons, Zionist Organization, Jews, Zionist State

The State of Israel
An Introduction to Some of the Reasons For the Establishment of State of Israel

Unlike majority of the nations of the world, the state of Israel is perhaps unique in number of ways. The foremost being that it was established from a set of ideological beliefs primarily based on the Zionism, a belief so strong that even today there is no such constitution as such, which governs Israel. On the contrary, the state of Israel has its basis on some of the most profound beliefs that are a combination of the state's social content, and traditions that are an ever changing part of what may appear to be a constitution in the making. Hence, the not so apparent constitution of the state of Israel in fact operates from some of the salient rules of governance that not only empower but enforce and execute the law of the land, as formulated and interpreted by the distinguished courts of Israel. Thus, it would only be just to deduce that the formation of the state of Israel was not merely based on the constitutional character. The constitution of Israel simply does not exist; rather one should view the formation of Israel from both the modern day concepts behind the formation as well as from the religious hierarchy that binds the Israeli people into a set of principles and which have their profound basis from a political as well as religious perspective.

The formation of state of Israel thus not only was a declaration of independence for its people as they sought to pursue their political and religious beliefs, but more profoundly it was a 'Declaration of the Establishment of State of Israel'. This more than provides evidence that it was not the mere desire of a set of people with a common set of religious beliefs. It was in fact based on a consensus that is found in believers of the Zionist beliefs, not only those presently residing in the regions that today comprise the state of Israel, but also those living in different corners of the world; hence the immense support and assistance that continues to date. Perhaps, it was these set of aspirations found and evidenced in the equally different people living across the expanse of the globe with the same religious set of beliefs, that today provides the state of Israel a consensus that takes the Zionists movement outside the frontiers of Israel. As a consequence, the state of Israel is not home to the Jews alone, as the believers of one of the oldest religions in existence, but equally invites and is home to such different populations who one categorizes as being Communists, the ultra-Orthodox non Zionists, and Christians alike. Furthermore, the set of guidelines and laws that today govern the state of Israel, somewhat act as her respective constitution and duly assists the state in governance. They also support the different believers of equally different set of religious beliefs in founding a state that depict Jewish national aspirations as her core objectives. These policies and goals also pursue universal human rights, the Zionists needs of her people, and the needs of other religious and secular groups within Israel. Thus, one may conclude the primeval reasoning of the formation of the state of Israel, as being consensus based, and one which aspires to be a modern and prosperous state in the comity of nations the world over. (Elazar, 1986; Kallen, 1958)

As also reiterated in the above lines, the concept of a Jewish homeland was not only limited to the provision of a land for Jews. The idea was found similarly attractive for the Christians; in particular those who sought to find the literal interpretations of their Holy Scriptures in Bible. And it was these Christians who acknowledged and openly accepted that Jews were indeed God's chosen people; hence the need for a separate Jewish homeland.

At this juncture, it should also be noted that not all in Great Britain viewed and supported the Zionist beliefs of Jews at the time of her creation. This was perhaps due to the notion that it was not necessary at all for the establishment of a separate state for the Jews. Hence their close association with the Monarchy in Great Britain with beliefs that it was not humanly viable for a state to be established for God's chosen, and God alone, Who could ‘sanction’, the establishment of a state primarily for the Jewish people and accomplish this objective. However, as history later proved, the establishment of a separate homeland for Jews not only emerged on the map of the world, today Israel is one of the strongest nations in the world.

This all began with a gentleman named Theodore Herzl, an Austrian Jew, who first led a group of Jews within Great Britain and propagated the idea for a separate homeland for the Jews by origin. It was the brainchild of Herzle, who not only proposed the very idea for a Jewish state in 1896, but also found fame as the convener of the first ever Zionist Congress in 1897. This idea culminated by a successful Congress with due support from a largely wealthy and equally influential group of Jews from around the world, including a majority from the United States of America. As evidenced in recent history, this resulted in the Zionist movement and later in the establishment of the Balfour Declaration of 1907, setting the grounds for the formal establishment of a state within the regions comprising of present day Palestine. (Jenkins, 2002)

In studying the historical background for the establishment of a separate homeland for the Jews, there exists yet another set of profound reasons, which are more political, than religious, as is normally understood. One such reason was the desire of Great Britain to establish a buffer zone for Egypt, so that the advancing forces and expansionist elements of the French, for example as rulers of major regions of the then African group of countries, could be halted. And second reason, one that was perhaps more stronger was the desire to retain control over the Suez Canal. As one may deduce, Suez Canal was indeed one of the most lucrative and critical pathways linking Atlantic Ocean to the Arabian Gulf and a crucial by-pass for sea-going vessels, for both military as well as merchant shipping.

Having briefly discussed a number of reasons, it is undoubtedly true to acknowledge, that Britain may have been somewhat reluctant for the establishment of a separate Jewish homeland for example prior to period of Queen Victoria’s reign as Great Britain's monarch. Yet the political circumstances that proceeded the end of World War II, and the changing attitudes of the average British citizen, was complimented by the more than cruel and torturous treatment meted out against the Jews during the World War II at the hands of the Hitler's regime. The Zionist movement thus became ever more vigorous, eventually leading towards the establishment of the state of Israel. With ideology, religion, political prosecution, human right abuses, and the endeavors to rid an entire race from the face of the earth, together formed some of the more astound reasons for the emergence of the state of Israel in 1947.

In summing up the reasons for the establishment of a Jewish homeland, one of the best worded reasons and evidences are found in comments noted by Winston Churchill, who found fame as one of the most famous and successful of the British Prime Ministers. These comments were published in the famous British Herald in its Sunday edition, and more than convincingly portrayed the true and genuine desire of the British monarchy.

Quote
“But if, as may well happen, there should be created in our own lifetime by the banks of the Jordan a Jewish State under the protection of the British Crown, which might comprise three or four millions of Jews, an event would have occurred in the history of the world which would, from every point of view, be beneficial, and would be especially in harmony with the truest interests of the British Empire.” Unquote

The Origins of the Jews and the Choice of Gaza Strip
As also discussed briefly in the above paragraphs, the majority of the Jews not only emerged from Great Britain, but from far off places such as the United States of America and Africa. Yet, the largest concentration of Jews to emerge and make Israel their permanent home were from regions that today comprise of the various Russian Republics, formerly the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR).

The reason for these large concentration of Jews to migrate from Russian territories were the inhuman, degrading, and in most cases the most cruel forms of crimes ever committed on any race in the entire human history at the hands of the Hitler's Reich, prior to and during the course of the two World Wars, in particular the WWII.

A further study on the origins of the Jews, how they made the present day Israel their permanent home, and how the Jews chose the regions that today comprise the Peninsula of Sinai, and in particular the Gaza Strip can be observed in the thinking and strategy as adopted by the Zionist Organization. As the single most important body responsible for the settlement, the choice of the regions and the subsequent developments for the greater state of Israel lay with the Zionist Organization, a practice which continues to date.

From as early as the establishment of the Zionist Organization, and the Herculean task entrusted with the establishment of Jews from all over the world, it may be noted that there was no particular emphasis on any single party or faction in any given nation of the world. On the contrary the organization thrived as an independent entity and strived to bring the Jewish people scattered across the globe. This practice continues to date with was more profanity in regions of the world where there was great suffering such as the regions of present day Russian republics.

As to the choice of the Sinai Peninsula, and in particular the Gaza Strip, this is found in the original insight of Zionist leaders to the likes of Dr. Herzl, as also mentioned in the above section, who to date is credited as being the father of the Zionist Organization. Herzl's contribution towards the establishment of a Zionist state is one noteworthy aspect, yet it is also true that he was more than optimistic on the choice of the specific pieces of land for the Jews. Herzl sought to obtain lands either from Turkey or the Axis Powers, but on both grounds, Herzl was unfortunate, as he gained none. Great Britain virtually refused to recognize the demand of Jews for a separate and independent nation, a fact that was perhaps the foremost concern in the establishment of a separate Jewish state. Nevertheless Great Britain was kind in offering two regions, one in East Africa, and the other in Sinai Peninsula for the respective establishment of a separate Jewish state. As to the later, it was to ultimately attain the status of a Jewish Palestine, within the then regions of Palestine, and the present day Gaza Strip.

From the above, and a deeper analysis of the ideals as propagated by the Zionist Organization, it is thus concluded that the choice of the Gaza Strip was certainly not without sound reasoning. As also was the original decision to bring in and invite Jews from all over the world to the lands that we have come to know today as the state of Israel. One may easily deduce that it was and still is impossible to gather all the Jews from all over the world, and bring them to the state of Israel. Nevertheless a set of proposals as embodied in the Peace Conference of the Zionist Organization held in 1917 decided for the first time that present day Gaza and Beersheba were to be the permanent home for the Jews. It was this same event that forever laid the foundations and reasoning for choosing the regions of the Gaza Strip. One, which truly amplifies the true and genuine goals of Israel, and specifically notes that the boundaries of Palestine shall extend on the west to the Mediterranean, on the north to the Lebanon, and on the east to the Hedjaz railway and the Gulf of Akabah. Hence the aim to maximize and promote Jewish emigration as well as gradually close all settlements on the land so that the Jews of Palestine, as well as the world may arrive under a single umbrella. This motive was also to forever strengthen their singular objective, one which detailed the occupied lands as theirs only in both literal, political, as well as administrative sense of application; and one which would forever bear the true and original identity of a Jewish national home. (Sacher, 1919)

References
1. Elazar, D. J., "Israel: Building a New Society", published by Indiana University Press, 1986

2. Ostrom, V., and Cf., inter alia, 'The Political Theory of a Compound Republic', published by the University of Nebraska Press, 1987.

3. Eisenstadt, S. N., "Israeli Society" published by New York: Basic Books, 1968

4. Elazar, D. J.,” Constitution-Making The Pre-Eminently Political Act," in Banting and Simeon, pp. 232-248.

5. Kallen, H. M., "Utopians at Bay", writings on the Declaration of Independence, published by New York Theodore Herzl Foundation, 1958

6. Sacher, H., "A Jewish Palestine", written for the "Atlantic Monthly Online" issue of July 1919, and available at
http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/19jul/sacher.htm
Published: 2009-11-25
Author: Ziauddin Khan

About the author or the publisher
Dear Mr. Eric, Bonjour
I have been writing business articles for the last 12 years, and also wrote academic articles for 5 years. However, am continuously in search of people and organizations where my write ups will indeed be appreciated.
Just to give you a glimpse of what I have written on, this includes social,political subjects, histories of countries,geography, aerospace, religions, etc. I am also fluent in spoken French, and can try writing as well.Regards Zia

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