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Tips for Managing Diabetis !!!

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Your Diabetes Cure
A Comprehensive Guide To Beating Diabetes

The Diabetes Miracle Breakthrough
How To Slowly But Surely Trigger Your Body To Produce More Insulin!

How To Fight Type 2 Diabetes & Win!
Complete Step-by-step Program That Normalizes Blood Sugar, Eliminates Insulin Resistance And Restores Pancreatic Function!

Tips for Managing DIABETES :

Our Body’s Main source of Energy:

Glucose, passed via the bloodstream, is the Major source of energy for the body's cells in our Body.

Normally, in our Blood , blood glucose levels stay within a set - narrow limit throughout the day:

 Accepted Levels and Range:
4 to 8 mmol/l (70 to 150 mg/dl).
Normally Levels rise after meals and are usually lowest in the morning, before the Breakfast of the day.

Most feared Disease:
Diabetes mellitus is the most feared disease related to failure of blood sugar regulation and control .

Other Sugars :

Though it is called "blood sugar", other sugars besides glucose are found in the blood. They are :
fructose and
galactose.
Reguators of Glucose:
Glucose levels are regulated via insulin and leptin.

Blood sugar problems and its Health effects:

If blood sugar levels drop too low, a potentially fatal condition called hypoglycemia develops.
1. Symptoms of Low Blood Sugar:
2. Symptoms may include lethargy,
3. impaired mental functioning,
4. irritability, and
5. loss of consciousness.

Hyper Glycemia:

If levels remain too high, appetite is suppressed over the short term.
Long-term hyperglycemia causes many of the long-term health problems associated with diabetes, including
1. eye,
2. kidney, and
3. nerve damage.


Blood sugar regulation – Mechanism:

Blood sugar levels are regulated by negative feedback in order to keep the body in homeostasis.

Pancreas:

The levels of glucose in the blood are monitored by the cells in the pancreas.

Falling Level of Blood Sugar :

If the blood glucose level falls go dangerous levels (as in very heavy exercise or lack of food for extended periods), some of those cells release glucagons, a hormone whose effects on liver cells act to increase blood glucose levels.

Conversion:

They convert glycogen storage into glucose (this process is called glycogenolysis).
The glucose is released into the bloodstream, increasing blood sugar levels.
There are also several other causes for an increase in blood sugar levels.

Among them are the 'stress' hormones such as adrenalin, several of the steroids, infections, trauma, and of course, the ingestion of food.
Increasing Levels of Blood Sugar:

When levels of blood sugar rise, whether as a result of glycogen conversion, or from digestion of a meal, a different hormone is released from beta cells found in the Islets of Langerhans in the pancreas.

Glycogenesis:

This hormone, insulin, causes the liver to convert more glucose into glycogen (this process is called glycogenesis), and to force about 2/3 of body cells (primarily muscle and fat tissue cells) to take up glucose from the blood, thus decreasing blood sugar levels.

Signals to other Body systems:

Insulin also provides signals to several other body systems, and is the chief regulatory metabolic control in humans.

Hyperglycemia:

Diabetes mellitus type 1 is caused by insufficient or non-existent production of insulin, while type 2 is primarily due to a decreased response to insulin in the tissues of the body ("insulin resistance"). Both types of diabetes result in too much glucose remaining in the blood ("hyperglycemia") and many of the same complications.

Low blood sugar

Some people report drowsiness or impaired cognitive function several hours after meals, which they believe is related to a drop in blood sugar, or "low blood sugar". For more information, see:

How to Manage Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic disease with treatment but no cure as of 2006.
The long-term treatment of diabetes in general (both types I and II) include
patient education,
nutritional support,
self glucose monitoring, as well as
long-term glycemic control.

A serious and scrupulous control is absolutely essential d to help reduce the risk of long term complications.

In addition, given the associated higher risks of cardiovascular disease, lifestyle modifications must be implemented to control blood pressure and cholesterol by exercising more, smoking cessation, and consuming an appropriate diet.

Blood glucose monitoring
(A Daily and Timely Home exercise)

Control and outcomes of both types 1 and 2 diabetes may be improved by patients using home glucose meters to regularly measure their glucose levels.


Commitment to medication:

Glucose monitoring is both expensive (largely due to the cost of the consumable test strips) and requires significant commitment on the part of the patient.

The effort and expense may be worthwhile for patients when they use the values to sensibly adjust food, exercise, and oral medications or insulin.

These adjustments are generally made by the patients themselves following training by a clinician.

Self-testing is clearly important in type I diabetes where the use of insulin therapy risks episodes of hypoglycaemia and home-testing allows for adjustment of dosage on each administration.

However its benefits in type 2 diabetes is more controversial as there is much more variation in severity of type 2 cases.

It has been suggested that some type 2 patients might be better with just home urine-testing. The best use of home blood-sugar monitoring is being researched.

Benefits of control and reduced hospital admission have been reported.
However patients on oral medication who do not self-adjust their drug dosage will miss the benefits of self-testing, and so it is questionable in this group.

This is particularly so for patients taking monotherapy with metformin who are not at risk of hypoglycaemia.

Cheaper occasional home urine-testing may equally identify poor control of hyperglycaemia and regular 6 monthly laboratory testing of HbAc1 (glycated haemoglobin) provides some assurance of longterm effective control and allows the adjustment of the patient's routine medication dosages.

High frequency of self-testing in type 2 diabetes has not been shown to be associated with improved control.

The argument is made, though, that type 2 patients with poor long term control despite home blood glucose monitoring, either have not had this integrated into their overall management, or are long overdue for tighter control by a switch from oral medication to injected insulin.

Tips for Curing diabetes :

A disease consisting of the failure of a single organ with a relatively simple function (i.e. the failure of the Islets of Langerhans in type 1 diabetes), should be relatively straightforward to cure; replace the organ.

As of 2006,several possible schemes are under investigation. Type 2 diabetes is more complex and difficult, but further understanding of the underlying mechanism of insulin resistance may make more effective treatment possible, including perhaps a cure for some variants.

The most obvious approach to a Type 1 cure is to replace the failed organ with more islet cells.

A transplant of exogenous cells has been done experimentally in both mice and humans, but is not yet practical.

Thus far, like any such transplant, it provokes an immune reaction and immuno-supressive drugs will be needed to protect the transplanted tissue.

An alternative technique has been proposed to place the transplanted beta cells in a semi-permeable container, isolating them from the immune system.


Stem cell research has also been put forward as a potential avenue for a cure since it may permit the regrowth of islet cells which are genetically part of the treated individual, thus eliminating the need for immuno-supressants.

However it has also been hypothesized that the same mechanism which led to islet destruction originally may simply destroy even stem-cell regenerated islets.
Microscopic or nanotechnological approaches are under investigation as well, with implanted stores of insulin metered out by a rapid response valve sensitive to blood glucose levels.
At least two approaches have been proposed and demonstrated .
These are, in some sense, closed-loop insulin pumps

CONCLUSION :

DIABETES is surely controllable through PLANNED DIET AND NUITRITION . Diabetis patients can easily lead NORMAL LIFE with the above control.

Only defaulters and path breakers are led to problems. Greater awareness to the Disease itself will solve half of the problems.
This being Hereditary requires greater level of teaching from the School itself .

There are Number of Children get it due to the above fact and No body shall be blamed for that .
Let us all wait for the invention of the complete Cure
ing methods and get rid of this menace like Chicken Pox , Cholera , Malaria etc .,


C.EASHWER – SINGAPORE

Published: 2006-04-28
Author: Chockalingam Eswaramurthi

About the author or the publisher
Iam a Professional writer dedicated to sharing the knowledge on topics of Public interest, be it Management , Leadership , Social service , World Politics , Personalities , Industries , Health , Computers , Policy making , Governments , Book review etc., Iam from Singapore . My e mail id is : eashwer@pacific.net.sg

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